Synoptic Automatic Weather Station

Synoptic Automatic Weather Stations

PULSONIC offers a complete solution for National Meteorological Agencies that follows WMO and ICAO standards.

The solution is composed of several Synoptic Automatic Weather Stations which monitor weather conditions 24h/7d. Pulsia Synop is designed to be installed in harsh operating environment such as tropical climate, dry climate, etc…

The gathered climate information can be integrated into the existing meteorological system and is compatible with most of the Climate Data Management System (CDMS).

PULSONIC can provide commissioning, training or maintenance anywhere over the world.

Presentation

Robust and autonomous

Pulsia Synop is designed to be installed in harsh operating environment. The protection and the materials used such as cast aluminum, stainless steel allow the system to have a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years even in tropical climate. All cables are protected into the structure to avoid deterioration from animals, UV or vandalisms.

A variety of extended media

PULSIA SYNOP can be equipped with GSM/GPRS or Wi-Fi modem. The PULSIA's datalogger can also be equipped with an external memory card reader to extend its backup.

Internal Memory

The data-logger has an internal non-volatile memory to store meteorological data and maintenance data. The internal memory is able to store meteorological data for more than 60 days without loss of data in case of GSM/GPRS link failure.

« Plug and Play » sensors

The sensors are connected to the AWS by analog and digital inputs to ensure the precision throughout the acquisition chain. Maintenance operations are facilitated thank to the "Plug and Play" sensors.

Power supply

Its solar panel combined with its battery ensures the station the energy supply needed all year long. The solar panel is small and integrated to the enclosure to minimize the risk of theft.

Easy to install

The automatic weather stations are designed to avoid any civil engineer work to ease the installation.

Climate Measurement

Pulsia Synop measures automatically the different climate parameters following WMO and ICAO standards. The solution generates automatically all meteorological information such as instant, minimum, maximum, average, sum, QNH, QFE, …

Lightning protection

The conception of the Pulsia Synop is done to protect the weather station against lightning.

10-meter mast

PULSONIC 10-meter mast is tillable to ease the installation and the maintenance. The mast support very difficult wind condition.

Network of Synoptic Weather Stations

What's synoptic observation ?

PULSONIC manufacture Synoptic Automatic Weather Station for several National Meteorological Service in the world to provide near real-time meteorological observation 24/24 hour.

Synoptic observation are made at a specific time :

Synoptic hours : 00h00, 06h00, 12h00, 18h00 (UTC)

Intermediate synoptic hours : 03h00, 09h00, 15h00, 21h00 (UTC).

This timing is respected by each WMO member in the world and it provides an image of meteorological condition everywhere in the world.

Indeed, the observation should be made at the exact time (00) and is disseminated into the WMO network in less than 15 minutes.

A synoptic weather station usually measure the following parameters :

  • Wind speed and direction at 10 meters height
  • Precipitation / Intensity of precipitation / accumulated of precipitation (24 hours,...)
  • Global radiation
  • Sunshine duration (usually by calculation)
  • Air temperature
  • Dew point (by calculation)
  • Potential-Evapo-Transpiration (PET)
  • Soil temperature
  • Actinothermic index
  • Relative air humidity
  • Atmospheric pressure (Psea,QNH,QFE)
  • Present Weather / Past Weather
  • Cloud (type, amount, height)

Meteorological Information

  Unit Generated data Accuracy
Air
Temperature
Degrees (°C) Instantaneous
Average
Minimum
Maximum
± 0.1°C
Dewpoint
Temperature
Degrees (°C) Instantaneous ± 0.25°C
Relative Humidity Percentage (%) Instantaneous
Average
Minimum
Maximum
Duration
± 3 %
Precipitation Millimeter (mm) Accumulation
Minimum
Maximum
± 1 %
Precipitation Intensity Millimeter per minute (mm/minute) Instantaneous
Average
± 1 %
Potential Evapo-Transpiration (PET) mm Accumulated -
Wind speed Meter per second (m/s) Average 10mn
Maximum
Past wind
± 0.2m/s in 0-10m/s
± 3% in 10-60m/s
Gust Meter per second (m/s) Maximum ± 0.2m/s in 0-10m/s
± 3% in 10-60m/s
Wind direction Degree (°) Average 10mn
Maximum
± 2° direction
Atmospheric
Pressure
Hecto Pascal (hPa) Atmospheric pressure
Sea level Pressure (WMO Standards)
QNH (ICAO standards)
QFE (ICAO standards)
Class A : ± 0.15 hPa
Class B : ± 0.25 hPa
Soil
Temperature
Degrees (°C) Instantaneous
Average
Minimum
Maximum
± 0.1° C
Global
Radiation
Joule per centimeter square (J/cm²) Accumulated ± 5%
Sunshine
Duration
Hours (h) Accumulated -